Sunday, December 8, 2019

The Risk Of Blindness Is Increasing Due To Air Pollution

Research: Due to our senselessness, our environment is increasingly vulnerable to pollution, so the risk of blindness among people is increasing rapidly.


Air pollution is increasing the risk of blindness



The Risk Of Blindness Is Increasing Due To Air Pollution

Introduction

Living in more polluted areas may increase the risk of blindness. This has been claimed in recent research. Researchers found that people living in more polluted areas had a 6% increased risk of glaucoma (eye-related disease) than people living in clean areas.

Glaucoma patients are increasing-

One in 50 people is showing signs of glaucoma at age 40. At this stage, it is ignored. At the same time, 10 out of 50 people at the age of 75 are suffering from glaucoma. Researchers believe that due to the aging population, the number of glaucoma patients will increase in the coming years.

Blood arteries become compressed-

60 million people worldwide suffer from glaucoma disease. 10% of these have been visited. The disease is caused by the death of cells present in the retina. 5 lakh people in the UK and 27 lakh people in the US are struggling with this disease.
            Scientists believe that due to air contamination, the blood vessels behind the retina become narrower, causing cells to die or nerves are damaged by a toxic chemical going directly into the eye. Scientists said that micro-pollutants that come out of vehicles and industries, go through the breath into the lungs and mix in the blood.
              The pollutants present in the blood make the blood arteries and nerves narrower and this increases the blood pressure. Researchers at University College London analyzed data of 111,370 participants. This data was taken from the UK biobank and the eyes of these participants were examined between 2006 and 2010. The levels of air pollution were then compared based on the habitat information of the participants. Those who lived in the most polluted areas had a 6% higher risk of glaucoma.

What do researchers say-

The retina of people living in more polluted areas was much thinner than others. It is considered to be one of the thinnest levels of glaucoma. Principal researcher Professor Paul Faster said, "We have seen in our research why air pollution should be considered a more serious matter." Avoiding air pollution is also important for eye health along with other health-related matters. Our research has found a relationship between air pollution and glaucoma. More research is needed to determine whether glaucoma is caused by air pollution.
              Professor Foster said that the relationship between the two is even stronger in countries where pollution levels are severe most of the time. He said that his research has not taken into account indoor pollution and pollution in the workplace.

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