Saturday, September 14, 2019

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)

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Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Introduction

There are a large number of people who consider CVD i.e. diseases of the circulatory system and cardiovascular diseases as one, whereas they are not. According to the data, CVD cases have increased by 34% in the last 25 years. This has also increased the risk of untimely death and physical disability at an early age.     
                         Access to modern medical facilities is increasing continuously. Despite this, there is a steady increase in cases of many serious diseases, one of these is also Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). According to the World Health Organization, it is the leading cause of death in the whole world. According to a 2016 report presented by the Public Health Foundation of India, CVD cases in India have increased by 34 percent in the last 26 years.

What is 'CVD'

Our heart is a complex muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. A pearl pulse originates from the heart, called aorta, its branches carry blood and oxygen to various parts of the body. The cardiovascular or circulatory system (circulatory system) is made up of the heart, arteries, veins, and blood vessels. Any problem associated with these is called CVD. In this way CVD is a group of many diseases related to the heart and blood vessels, it has many forms, such as-

Coronary Heart Disease: It is a disease of the blood vessels. These tubes supply blood to the heart muscle.


Cerebrovascular disease: It is a disease of the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain.


Peripheral arterial disease: disease of the blood vessels that supply blood to the arms and legs.


Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: blood clots in the blood vessels of the foot, which can reach the heart and lungs.

Do not ignore these sign

➤ Feeling discomfort and heaviness in chest.
➤Shortness of breath with chest pain.
➤ Excessive sweating.
➤ Numbness of arms.
➤Speak tongue in speech.
➤Abnormal heartbeat.
➤ Chronic dizziness, fatigue or weakness.
➤ Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or stomach pain.
➤ Pain in the throat or jaws.
➤Swelling of paws, feet, and ankles.
➤ Sudden dizziness, trouble walking.
➤A weakness in the legs or feet.
➤Also pay attention to a long-standing cough, which brings white or pink phlegm.

Reason 

➤ Stress increases the risk of cardiovascular disease by 15–20%.
➤ Cholesterol increases and obesity adversely affect the cardiovascular system.
➤ Smoking increases the risk of CVD by 3-6 times by damaging the walls of the arteries.
➤ Non-vegetarian, fried items, fast food and eating too much salt and sugar also harm.
➤ Genetic cause, if there is a history of this disease in the family, then it is important to take precautions.
➤ Diabetes also increases the risk of CVD.

Remedies and Medicines

Treatment of the disease depends on how severe the disease is. How damaged the heart and circulation system is. Surgery is also done several times.


Angioplasty: In primary angioplasty, blood corrects blood flow by removing clots in the blood vessels. If necessary, advanced angioplasty is done, in which a stent is inserted to improve blood flow to the arteries.

Bypass Surgery: Bypass surgery is also performed to improve blood circulation, in which ducts are placed from one place to another by surgery.

Aortic valve replacement: If a heart valve is not working properly, surgery is necessary to replace it. This valve is removed and replaced with an artificial valve.

Heart Transplant: It involves removing a sick or damaged the heart and replacing it with a healthy heart. This process is used as the final treatment. It puts the heart of those who have been declared brain dead. It is necessary to transplant it within six hours after removing it from the donor's body. The probability of this surgery being successful is 30%.

Cardiac Pacemaker: Normal heartbeats are 60–90 minutes per minute. In people suffering from arrhythmias, the beats are normally reduced to 30–40. Many people stop beating for 3-4 seconds. The patient becomes dizzy and falls. The Cardiff pacemaker is a boon for such patients. Modern leadless pacemakers are much better than conventional pacemakers, with a success rate of 99%.

Clot Dissolving Drugs: Some drugs attempt to open the blockage of the arteries. This medicine should be given within 4-5 hours, after which it is not effective.


Stent retriever: This is a new technique of stroke treatment, in which blood clots are removed from the brain through thin catheters and wires and blocked blood vessels are opened. According to the National Stroke Association, be careful even after the stroke is cured, because the risk of getting hit again is very high.

Difference between CVD and heart disease

CVD includes all diseases related to the heart and circulatory system, so their scope is very wide. Cardio means heart and vascular ie blood arteries. CVD also includes BP and stroke. Heart diseases are diseases that directly affect the heart and its functioning. Most heart disease is a part of CVD, but some heart problems are caused by increased heart size or muscle breakdown, which are not included in CVD. Congenital malformations in children such as heart-piercing, enlargement of heart, or being small are also not CVD.

These measures will protect

➤ Avoid red meat, eat more fruits and vegetables.
➤ Bring mustard, olive or peanut oil to cooking.
➤ Do not use the remaining oil after frying again and again. This increases the amount of trans fat to fatal levels.
➤ Exercise and walk at least 30 minutes every day.
➤ Do not let the weight gain if it has increased then try to reduce it.
➤ Do not stress. Meditate or make a hobby, which can help keep you relaxed.
➤ Keep blood pressure under control.
➤ Reduce salt intake.
➤ Do not smoke and consume alcohol.
➤ If you have diabetes, control blood sugar levels.
➤ If anyone in the family has CVD, get regular checkups.
➤ Regularly check blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol and weight after 20. Those who are at the age of 40 should also undergo stress tests.

What the figures say

➤ According to the Journal of the American Heart Association, about 27% of adults in the world suffer from blood pressure.

➤ According to a study in China, the risk of heart diseases increases by 27% among those who watch TV for 4-5 hours daily.
➤ According to the Global Burden of Disease Study, published in 2016 by the WHA, cardiovascular disease is the cause of 22 percent of deaths in the 15-49 age group.
➤ According to the American Heart Association, the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) increases by 64% in people suffering from severe depression.
➤ According to the WHO, 1 crore 79 lakh people died of CVD diseases in 2016, accounting for 31% of the total global deaths. Out of the total deaths due to this, 85% were due to heart attack and stroke.