Sunday, March 22, 2020

What is Diabetes??? Symptoms, Problems, and Treatment

Introduction to Diabetes, Main types of diabetes, Symptoms of Diabetes, Problems During Diabetes, Diabetes Foot/Gangrene, Make these lifestyle changes, Ayurvedic Treatment.

Diabetes: Small reforms will bring great relief


What is Diabetes??? Symptoms, Problems, and Treatment

Introduction to Diabetes

Due to increasing cases of diabetes, India is also known as the capital of diabetes. India is also one of the first three countries to suffer from diabetes on a large scale. It is difficult to completely eliminate diabetes, but by improving lifestyle the ability of insulin in the body can be controlled.
               In simple words, the level of sugar in the blood and urine of a diabetic person increases. It is caused by disturbances in the process of hormones called insulin in the body. Also, it has an important role in controlling blood sugar levels.

Main types of diabetes

1- Type-1 Diabetes

This happens especially to children. In this case, the B cells of the pancreas become unable to form insulin. In this case, patients are given insulin from outside, which should not be discontinued in any form without the advice of the doctor. This can cause patients to go into a condition of ketoacidosis, which is serious. 

2- Type-2 Diabetes

Type-2 diabetes is also common. In this, sensitivity to insulin is reduced in patients. Important reasons for this include stress and poor lifestyle.

3- Gestational Diabetes (diabetes in pregnancy)

Some hormones are increased in the body of women during pregnancy. The sensitivity of insulin decreases due to those hormones, which increases the risk of diabetes. In most pregnant women, the problem of diabetes is resolved after delivery. If the blood glucose level is not normal even after 6 weeks, then type-2 diabetes is the problem in such women.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Experiencing thirst again and again
Excessive urination
Loss of appetite. Diabetics are unable to use the blood sugar present in physical activities. This always leads to a lack of energy and tiredness. Repeated hunger pangs. This is due to the lack of insulin in the body or the decrease in insulin absorption capacity in the body.
Sudden weight loss. Since the sugar gets out of the body through urine and the tissues are not able to get full nutrition, this causes the body to lose weight.
Anorexia, urinary infection, numbness in hands and feet, blurred vision are also seen in sexual relations.

Problems During Diabetes

1- Diabetes Retinopathy

Continuous diabetes increases damage to the arteries of the retina of the eye. If there is no timely treatment, the eye light can also go.

2- Diabetes Neuropathy

The constant rise in blood sugar in patients with diabetes affects the nervous system of the body. This results in numbness in hands and feet. Many times patients do not even feel hurt and the wound is aggravated.

3- Diabetes Nephropathy

Constant blood sugar rise also affects the kidneys. Due to this, the amount of protein in urine increases. Diabetics should also undergo microalbumin testing with sugar. If a protein or albumin is present, see a doctor.

Diabetes Foot/Gangrene

The feet are at the distance of the heart in the body, due to which the circulation of blood is affected quickly. In the case of diabetes, there is an increased risk of infection in the soft tissues and bones of the foot, which leads to an easily untreated ulcer in the foot. This is called 'diabetes foot'. Diabetes patients can take a big form if they get hurt even at the slightest. Sometimes it can also take the form of gangrene, due to which considerable part of the leg has to be amputated. To avoid this, it is very important to keep blood sugar under control. The cleanliness of the feet should be taken care of. Diabetics should also avoid heating hands-on fire. Many diabetic patients suffer from diabetes neuropathy, which may reduce their leg sensitivity. In such a situation, a wound can take the form of diabetes foot. Diabetic patients should not even walk bare feet.

Make these lifestyle changes

1- Food and Drink

Avoid sweet and greasy things. Eat green leafy vegetables. Do not take the junk and fast food. Eat less rice. All fruits like; Banana, coconut water also have high sugars, take them only in small quantities. Avoid cold drinks. Each 500 mL cola beverage contains up to four and a half tablespoons of sugar. High fiber foods such as; Take oats, ragi, millet, brown rice, and low-fat dairy products. Eat plenty of fenugreek, cinnamon, drumstick leaves, and lentils.

2- Routine check-up


If you are above 45 years of age, are overweight, have a waist girth of 35 and more than 40 inches in men, then get regular diabetes check-up. If there is a history of diabetes in the family then it becomes even more important. If you are at the stage of pre-diabetes, keep the blood glucose level test kit in the house and keep an eye on it.

3- Smoking  


Smokers are 30 to 40 percent more likely to develop diabetes than others. The nicotine present in cigarettes and tobacco narrows the arteries. The risk of developing vascular diseases such as deepen thrombosis is also high in patients with diabetes. If smoking and diabetes are combined, the risk of heart and brain trauma increases up to 3 times.

4- Regular Exercise 


Regular exercise is very important. If possible, walk three to four kilometers daily. Make a rule for a light walk after eating. Exercise is believed to have an effect on blood sugar levels for up to 12 hours. Cholesterol levels do not rise and the ability to withstand stress increases. Whatever exercise you are doing aerobics or yoga, be sure to consult the experts. Avoid exercising on days when your blood sugar level is above 250.

5- Keep the weight down 


Control body weight. It will increase the ability to accept insulin in those with type-2 diabetes. There will be less pressure on the heart too.

Ayurvedic Treatment

From the point of view of medicine in Ayurveda, diabetic patients are divided into two parts, macro, and Indigestion.

1- Macro Patients 

Treatment of overweight diabetic patients is done with the Appendix drug of Ayurveda. This reduces obesity in patients and reduces blood glucose levels by increasing the ability to accept insulin. Among these abrasions, Triphala, Shilajit, Jamun, Turmeric, Nimba, Mesh is best suited for diabetics.

2- Indigestion


In this, such medicine is given to the patient, so that the weight of the patient is not reduced and the sugar should also be controlled, such as; Use of Amalaki Chemicals. In Ayurveda, various medicine substances like; Guduchi, Khadir, Shilajit, iron and Swarna Bhasma should be used according to the advice of the doctor. Some medicines benefit in diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy. Ayurveda has many single drug substances and also reduces the risk of infection. These include Neem, Giloy, Triphala, Khadir, Shilajit, etc. There are also multidisciplinary kalp, which increases blood circulation in the feet, which benefits patients with diabetes feet. These medicines should be taken only with the advice of a doctor.

Finally

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