Sunday, March 22, 2020

What is Diabetes??? Symptoms, Problems, and Treatment

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Diabetes: Small reforms will bring great relief

What is Diabetes??? Symptoms, Problems, and Treatment

Introduction to Diabetes

Due to increasing cases of diabetes, India is also known as the capital of diabetes. India is also one of the first three countries to suffer from diabetes on a large scale. It is difficult to completely eliminate diabetes, but by improving lifestyle the ability of insulin in the body can be controlled.
               In simple words, the level of sugar in the blood and urine of a diabetic person increases. It is caused by disturbances in the process of hormones called insulin in the body. Also, it has an important role in controlling blood sugar levels.

Main types of diabetes

1- Type-1 Diabetes

This happens especially to children. In this case, the B cells of the pancreas become unable to form insulin. In this case, patients are given insulin from outside, which should not be discontinued in any form without the advice of the doctor. This can cause patients to go into a condition of ketoacidosis, which is serious. 

2- Type-2 Diabetes

Type-2 diabetes is also common. In this, sensitivity to insulin is reduced in patients. Important reasons for this include stress and poor lifestyle.

3- Gestational Diabetes (diabetes in pregnancy)

Some hormones are increased in the body of women during pregnancy. The sensitivity of insulin decreases due to those hormones, which increases the risk of diabetes. In most pregnant women, the problem of diabetes is resolved after delivery. If the blood glucose level is not normal even after 6 weeks, then type-2 diabetes is the problem in such women.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Experiencing thirst again and again
Excessive urination
Loss of appetite. Diabetics are unable to use the blood sugar present in physical activities. This always leads to a lack of energy and tiredness. Repeated hunger pangs. This is due to the lack of insulin in the body or the decrease in insulin absorption capacity in the body.
Sudden weight loss. Since the sugar gets out of the body through urine and the tissues are not able to get full nutrition, this causes the body to lose weight.
Anorexia, urinary infection, numbness in hands and feet, blurred vision are also seen in sexual relations.

Problems During Diabetes

1- Diabetes Retinopathy

Continuous diabetes increases damage to the arteries of the retina of the eye. If there is no timely treatment, the eye light can also go.

2- Diabetes Neuropathy

The constant rise in blood sugar in patients with diabetes affects the nervous system of the body. This results in numbness in hands and feet. Many times patients do not even feel hurt and the wound is aggravated.

3- Diabetes Nephropathy

Constant blood sugar rise also affects the kidneys. Due to this, the amount of protein in urine increases. Diabetics should also undergo microalbumin testing with sugar. If a protein or albumin is present, see a doctor.

Diabetes Foot/Gangrene

The feet are at the distance of the heart in the body, due to which the circulation of blood is affected quickly. In the case of diabetes, there is an increased risk of infection in the soft tissues and bones of the foot, which leads to an easily untreated ulcer in the foot. This is called 'diabetes foot'. Diabetes patients can take a big form if they get hurt even at the slightest. Sometimes it can also take the form of gangrene, due to which considerable part of the leg has to be amputated. To avoid this, it is very important to keep blood sugar under control. The cleanliness of the feet should be taken care of. Diabetics should also avoid heating hands-on fire. Many diabetic patients suffer from diabetes neuropathy, which may reduce their leg sensitivity. In such a situation, a wound can take the form of diabetes foot. Diabetic patients should not even walk bare feet.

Make these lifestyle changes

1- Food and Drink

Avoid sweet and greasy things. Eat green leafy vegetables. Do not take the junk and fast food. Eat less rice. All fruits like; Banana, coconut water also have high sugars, take them only in small quantities. Avoid cold drinks. Each 500 mL cola beverage contains up to four and a half tablespoons of sugar. High fiber foods such as; Take oats, ragi, millet, brown rice, and low-fat dairy products. Eat plenty of fenugreek, cinnamon, drumstick leaves, and lentils.

2- Routine check-up

If you are above 45 years of age, are overweight, have a waist girth of 35 and more than 40 inches in men, then get regular diabetes check-up. If there is a history of diabetes in the family then it becomes even more important. If you are at the stage of pre-diabetes, keep the blood glucose level test kit in the house and keep an eye on it.

3- Smoking  

Smokers are 30 to 40 percent more likely to develop diabetes than others. The nicotine present in cigarettes and tobacco narrows the arteries. The risk of developing vascular diseases such as deepen thrombosis is also high in patients with diabetes. If smoking and diabetes are combined, the risk of heart and brain trauma increases up to 3 times.

4- Regular Exercise 

Regular exercise is very important. If possible, walk three to four kilometers daily. Make a rule for a light walk after eating. Exercise is believed to have an effect on blood sugar levels for up to 12 hours. Cholesterol levels do not rise and the ability to withstand stress increases. Whatever exercise you are doing aerobics or yoga, be sure to consult the experts. Avoid exercising on days when your blood sugar level is above 250.

5- Keep the weight down 

Control body weight. It will increase the ability to accept insulin in those with type-2 diabetes. There will be less pressure on the heart too.

Ayurvedic Treatment

From the point of view of medicine in Ayurveda, diabetic patients are divided into two parts, macro, and Indigestion.

1- Macro Patients 

Treatment of overweight diabetic patients is done with the Appendix drug of Ayurveda. This reduces obesity in patients and reduces blood glucose levels by increasing the ability to accept insulin. Among these abrasions, Triphala, Shilajit, Jamun, Turmeric, Nimba, Mesh is best suited for diabetics.

2- Indigestion

In this, such medicine is given to the patient, so that the weight of the patient is not reduced and the sugar should also be controlled, such as; Use of Amalaki Chemicals. In Ayurveda, various medicine substances like; Guduchi, Khadir, Shilajit, iron and Swarna Bhasma should be used according to the advice of the doctor. Some medicines benefit in diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy. Ayurveda has many single drug substances and also reduces the risk of infection. These include Neem, Giloy, Triphala, Khadir, Shilajit, etc. There are also multidisciplinary kalp, which increases blood circulation in the feet, which benefits patients with diabetes feet. These medicines should be taken only with the advice of a doctor.


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What is Glaucoma??? Symptoms, Reason, and Treatments

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Glaucoma: Increasing risk of vision

What is Glaucoma??? Types, Symptoms, and Treatments


Glaucoma ie black cataract is the leading cause of blindness. It is an incurable disease, which increases slowly. Timely treatment can prevent this glaucoma from growing.
                   According to health organizations, about 15% of blindness cases worldwide are associated with glaucoma. Also, 90% of its cases are delayed by treatment. It is estimated that by the end of the current decade, cases of eye problems will increase by about 33%. According to the Glaucoma Foundation, by the end of 2020, 12 million people may lose their eyesight due to glaucoma. In most cases, there is no symptom of glaucoma, which is why it is also called silent bleeding disease. If timely treatment is not given, the problem of glaucoma becomes increasingly serious. Initially, the light of the eyes slowly starts to decrease and finally stops appearing.

Black cataract

Glaucoma, also known as black cataract, is a problem associated with the eyes, which damages the neural optic nerve that connects the eyes to the brain. In most cases, the pressure is higher than normal in the eyes, this condition is called ocular hypertension. But this problem can also be caused by intraocular pressure. In the most common form of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, flu pressure in the eye increases. The fiber of the optic nerve begins to be destroyed due to increasing pressure, causing it to become damaged. Advanced glaucoma can cause blindness.

This causes increased glaucoma

The exact cause of cataracts is not yet known. Some factors increase the risk of glaucoma, such as;
  1. Excessive eye pressure, which occurs in people over 60 years of age
  2. Genetic reasons
  3. Conditions like diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and sickle cell anemia
  4. Eye problems, such as; myopia
  5. Preoperative eye surgery
  6. Long-term use of drugs containing corticosteroids,
  7. Prolonged use of eye drops
  8. Severe swelling and pain in the eyes

Glaucoma is a serious problem

Glaucoma is the second most prominent cause of blindness. There is no treatment for glaucoma. So the damage that has been done to the eyes cannot be cured with medicines and surgery, only more damage can be prevented. From newborn to elderly, anyone can have glaucoma. Many children are born with glaucoma. Usually, there are no symptoms of glaucoma. Even after increasing pressure in the eyes, no symptoms are directly visible. Most people are diagnosed with glaucoma when the eyesight becomes weak.

Types of glaucoma

There are 4 types of glaucoma

1- Chronic glaucoma

In chronic glaucoma, the ducts that carry fluid out of the eyes become blocked, causing the fluid to not flow out from the eyes in a reasonable amount, and pressure or intraocular pressure increases in the eyes. Since the pressure in the eyes increases very slowly, there is no pain, but the eyesight decreases continuously. This is called open-angle glaucoma.

2- Acute glaucoma

In acute glaucoma, the tubes that drain fluid from the eyes suddenly close completely, causing rapid pressure in the eyes. When the flow stops completely then the material gets collected in the large amounts. In such a situation, there may be severe pain. If treatment is not done in time, then the eyesight can go permanently. It is also called closed-angle glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma.

3- Secondary and Development Glaucoma

When there is pressure on the eyes due to any other medical condition, it is called secondary glaucoma. The constant increase in pressure causes damage to the optic nerve, which causes black cataracts.

4- Congenital glaucoma

This is called congenital black cataract. This problem can be caused by hereditary defects or abnormal development in pregnancy. This involves damage to the optic nerve due to the jamming of the tubes draining fluid from the eyes or any other medical problem. Which later takes the form of glaucoma.

Symptoms of glaucoma

  1. Severe pain in eyes and head
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Reddening of eyes 
  4. Colored rings around the lights

Get regular checkup after age 40

After 40, the risk of developing glaucoma increases. After this age, the eyesight should be checked every 2 years. Most people think that the weakening of eyesight is a common thing with aging, that is why they do not take this latter seriously. But maybe your eyesight is due to glaucoma.

How is glaucoma diagnosed

How is glaucoma diagnosed

If you have glaucoma then the following tests can be done-

1- Tonometry testing

In the test, the eye is numb by first applying an eye drop. Then the internal pressure of the eyes is measured with a tonometer device.

2- Ophthalmoscopy test

In this, the actual position of the optic nerve is ascertained. Eye drops are applied to spread the pupil of the eye so that the size and color of the optic nerve can be properly examined.

3- Perimetry testing

This test shows how much vision has been damaged by black cataract.

4- Gonioscopy test

This helps determine whether the angle between the cornea and the iris is open and wide or narrow and closed.

5- Circuitry test

In this, the thickness of the cornea is measured from the pachymeter. This is an easy and painless method.

Treatment of glaucoma

Treatment of glaucoma

Damage from glaucoma cannot be cured, but it can be prevented from growing further. Glaucoma can be treated by reducing excess eye pressure. Depending on the patient's condition, doctors choose treatment, including eye drops, oral medications, laser treatment, and surgery. Surgery options include laser surgery and various surgical procedures. The purpose of surgery can be to reduce pressure by improving the fluid drainer in the eye.
         Here are some surgeries available to correct glaucoma. If you  have glaucoma, the doctor may ask you to have the following surgeries, such as;

1- Laser trabeculoplasty

It helps in removing fluid from the eyes. In many cases, doctors also give medicines after this treatment. Before doing this, eye drops are applied to numb the eyes. A high-intensity beam of light is used in it.

2- Glaucoma filtering surgery

The traditional surgery used in glaucoma is called filtering surgery. This is done when drugs and laser surgery are not successful. Before surgery, a small injection is made to numb the areas around the eyes. A small part of the tissue is removed to create a new path to take out the fluid. Traditional surgery helps to reduce eye pressure by 60–80%.

3- The Drainage tube

A small tube shunt is inserted into it to remove excess fluid.

4- Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery

It is a state-of-the-art technology called MIGS. The wound caused by this surgery also heals quickly.

Prevention of glaucoma

It is not possible to prevent black cataract, but some measures can reduce the risk of glaucoma, such as;
  1. Get your eyes checked regularly.
  2. Workout daily so that intraocular pressure can be controlled.
  3. Take special care of eye protection. Severe eye injury can also cause glaucoma.
  4. If you have glaucoma or eye problems in your family, talk to your doctor about this.
  5. Use eye drops regularly.


I hope you liked this article. Through this article, you will get to know some new things about glaucoma, its causes, treatment, surgery, etc. If you still feeling that something is missing, you can comment below, I will answer it. Thank you for reading the article.